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Important Guidelines for Using Lithium Batteries in New Energy Forklifts


As global concerns about energy consumption and environmental pollution intensify, countries and businesses worldwide are increasingly recognizing the importance of environmental protection. Compared to internal combustion forklifts, new energy forklifts offer significant environmental advantages. With the growing number of users purchasing new energy forklifts, it is crucial to understand the key considerations for using their primary power source: lithium batteries.

Safety First: Fire Extinguisher Readiness

Ensure that a fire extinguisher is readily available at the charging site. This precaution helps to maintain the long-term safety and efficiency of your battery system.

Optimal Working Conditions

  • Operating Temperature: The ideal operating temperature range for lithium batteries is between -20°C and 50°C.

  • Storage Temperature: Store batteries within a temperature range of 0°C to 35°C.

  • Optimal Charging/Discharging Temperature: The best temperature range for charging and discharging is between 25°C and 50°C.

  • For cold storage or colder regions, make sure to use lithium batteries equipped with a heating system.

Regular Operation and Maintenance

  • Discharge and Charging: Recharge the battery once it discharges to 10%. Perform a full charge at least once every two weeks.

  • Battery Maintenance: Conduct battery maintenance every two months to prevent damage to the battery system.

Long-Term Storage of Lithium Batteries

  • Storage Charge Level (SOC): Maintain the battery's state of charge (SOC) between 50% and 80%.

  • Storage Environment: Store batteries in a ventilated, dry place, away from direct sunlight, rain, and heat sources.

  • Periodic Charging/Discharging: Every six months, discharge the battery to 15%, charge it to 100%, and then discharge it to the optimal storage SOC range of 50%-80%.

Proper Charging Procedures

Before Charging:

  1. Park the forklift correctly in the charging area and turn off the vehicle's key switch.

  2. Ensure the battery button is in the open position.

  3. Check the battery charging interface for any debris.

  4. Verify the charging station's status and inspect its charging interface for any debris.

During Charging:

  1. Correctly connect the charging interface; if there is a start button, press it.

  2. Monitor the charging station's display for the connection and charging status.

  3. Wait approximately 15 seconds to confirm the charging current is normal and the charging process begins.

After Charging:

  1. Press the stop button on the charger.

  2. Ensure the charging current on the charger display is 0A before unplugging the charging plug correctly.

  3. Close the forklift battery compartment cover and place the charger plug properly.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure the safe and efficient use of lithium batteries in new energy forklifts, contributing to both operational efficiency and environmental sustainability.

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