Early layout and standardization of new energy vehicle power battery recycling

by:CTECHi     2021-08-26
Regarding the recycling of lithium-ion batteries powered by new energy vehicles, it is almost synchronized with the introduction of new energy vehicles into the public eye. An indisputable fact is that with the rapid development of my country's new energy automobile industry, the consumption of power lithium-ion batteries is also rapidly accumulating. The problem that must be addressed is that after the power battery is decommissioned, if it is not scientifically treated, it will not only waste metal resources, but also seriously threaten public safety and cause irreversible pollution to the ecological environment. Therefore, my country is accelerating the establishment of a power battery recycling system, and has formed a new energy vehicle power battery recycling industry that has begun to take shape. The latest information released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology shows that the cumulative amount of power batteries in my country has exceeded 131GWh (GWh), and the scale of the industry ranks among the top. Among them, the new energy vehicles produced only during the promotion period of the 'Ten Cities Thousand Vehicles Project' produced a total of approximately 12,600 tons of retired power batteries. Previously, in order to promote the development of new energy vehicles, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance and other ministries and commissions jointly launched the 'Ten Cities, Thousands of Energy-saving and New Energy Vehicle Demonstration and Application Projects'. It is planned to use about 3 years to develop 10 cities every year. , Each city launched 1,000 new energy vehicles for demonstration operations, and finally selected 3 batches of 25 pilot cities. Some experts predict that the total number of retired power batteries in my country in 2020 will be about 200,000 tons, and it will reach 780,000 tons by 2025. It can be said that the power battery is still under great pressure. Today, important retired power batteries are also mainly concentrated in the pilot cities of the 'Ten Cities, Thousands of Energy-saving and New Energy Vehicle Demonstration and Application Projects'. In March 2018, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other seven departments jointly issued the 'New Energy Vehicle Power Battery Recycling Pilot Implementation Method' and proposed that new energy vehicles should be developed in selected regions such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, and Central China. The pilot work on the recycling and utilization of power batteries is centered on the pilot area and radiates to the surrounding areas. From the perspective of the industry, my country's policy system for the healthy development of the new energy vehicle market is gradually improving, especially the recycling of power batteries is related to the formation of the closed loop of the new energy vehicle industry. Policy first, early deployment will help the health of the new energy vehicle industry At the same time, it can prevent the dismantling of related parts in the new energy automobile market from being chaotic. With the continuous growth of my country's new energy vehicle market, the recycling of power batteries is destined to be a major problem that cannot be avoided. After all, with regard to my country's new energy vehicle market, which has occupied the top spot in the world's new energy vehicle market, the early deployment of battery recycling will help the long-term sustainable development of the market. Although the development of my country’s new energy vehicle market started late, due to policy promotion and the rapid development of market cultivation, my country’s new energy vehicle market has reached an important node where relevant post-market construction must be initiated. After all, battery recycling is a new energy source. One of the key factors for the continued expansion and sustainable long-term development of the automobile market in the future. Although currently affected by the relatively short development time of the new energy vehicle market, there has not yet been a chaos aimed at battery recycling in the market, but a comparison with traditional internal combustion engine vehicles is sufficient to sound the alarm for the current rapid development of new energy vehicles. In the traditional automobile market, my country has had the title of 'leading production and sales country' as early as 2009. Until today, the traditional automobile market still maintains a relatively high growth rate. However, an unavoidable problem is that the problems surrounding auto parts themselves are precisely because of the lack of relevant policies and systems, allowing the market to develop freely, giving rise to undesirable problems such as underground dismantling of motor vehicles and reselling of scrap parts , The resulting improper profit and the return of non-standard refurbished parts to the market have brought greater safety production risks. It should be said that in the traditional automobile market, my country's relevant policies lag behind the phenomenon of a large number of disorderly dismantling for profit, which is obviously not conducive to regulating the automobile aftermarket and even the orderly development of the automobile industry itself. In contrast to new energy vehicles, the decision makers obviously took the lessons learned from the past before arranging the recycling and reuse of the core components of the new energy vehicles-the power battery. The purpose is to solve the problems that may arise at the beginning of the development of the new energy vehicle market. , To predict and solve the problem in advance. In fact, as early as September 2015, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other relevant departments organized research and development of the 'Electric Vehicle Power Battery Recycling Technology Policy (2015 Edition)' for public comments. The long-term development plan is already well in mind. From the reporter's point of view, the existence of chaos in the reconstruction of traditional auto parts is driven by interests, and the state-level standardization of the reconstruction of traditional cars is obviously helpful to control the chaos. Unlike traditional cars, the core component of a new energy car is the power battery, which can easily cause damage to the ecological environment. Therefore, the earlier a clear solution to potential problems, the more conducive to the sustainable development of the industry. Regarding the new energy automobile industry, since it has become the established development direction, it should be resolved as early as possible around the problems that may occur in the new energy automobile itself that hinder the progress of the industry, that is, the closed loop of the industry should be accelerated through policy implementation as soon as possible. Follow the benign track of 'production-sales-use-reuse' to seek standard and orderly development. Original title: Early layout and standardization of new energy vehicle battery recycling
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