with revolutionary battery tech, we can shift global energy to renewables, says bill joy

by:CTECHi     2020-01-21
Bill Joy, co-founder of Sun Microsystems, published an article entitled \"Why we are not needed in the future\" in Wired magazine in 2000.
As an investor and inventor, he is a board member of the ion materials company, which recently announced a major breakthrough in the creation of solid materials
National rechargeable battery.
This week he spoke to the editor of the world Mail. in-
Chief Nathan garders
When so many investors and inventors in Silicon Valley focus on social media innovation and want to be a new Facebook or Snapchat, what led you from that world and turned to the battery?
We do not want to create \"needs\" but to meet them.
With huge flooding and severe drought plaguing the planet, what is more important than significantly speeding up cost reduction and storage capacity to decisively turn the track to renewable energy?
Time is an ethical dimension.
We have no time to waste.
As the world moves more and more from renewable energy to energy generation, challenging the dominance of fossil fuels has become low
The future of carbon has always been how to store all the energy so that it can be used when needed.
Therefore, the Holy Grail must be cheap, reliable and long-lasting --
Long lasting battery.
Your recent breakthrough, did we catch the Holy Grail? I will promise.
A long-term goal of the battery industry is to improve the battery by manufacturing a liquid-free battery, replacing the liquid electrolyte in the battery with a solid.
Ionic Materials invented the first practical solid electrolyte to work at room temperature, a cheap and simple-to-work-
Manufacture of various solids with polymer-
Possible State battery.
The polymer can be used to improve lithium-
Ion batteries make them safer by replacing flammable liquid electrolyte with non-burning crystalline polymer materials.
Instead of exploding at the time of the puncture.
As the current lithium
Ion batteries sometimes
The battery made of this new polymer can withstand multiple bullet shocks, not only not to explode, but still work.
But what\'s even more surprising and surprising is that this polymer can be used to make rechargeable alkaline batteries.
We\'re all familiar with alkaline orders-use non-
Cheap rechargeable AA and AAA batteries-
Much cheaper than lithium. ion.
Using polymers can not only make them fully charged, but also interact with active ingredients in an advanced way, thus greatly reducing the number of materials used, we can also use aluminum instead of zinc in these batteries, further reducing cost, volume and weight. Such dirt-cheap, high-
Performance and safety batteries made of a large number of cheap materials, such as zinc or aluminum, exceed the specifications of lithium todayion.
However, their cost is only a fraction of what lithium is today --
Ion batteries do this because the latter is made of materials that are more rare, expensive and dangerous.
Because their cost is very low, and the materials that can be used to make them are very rich, we can imagine thattoo-
In the distant future, aluminum alkaline batteries will become the main battery type used in the world.
For use and cost, what is the actual direct impact?
Today\'s consumer electronics use state-of-the-art lithiumion batteries.
Because they are using rare materials such as cobalt, which is mainly mined in Congo, the maximum capacity of these batteries costs up to $125 per kilowatt hour active material.
The new solid polymer uses less or even less cobalt, the most expensive ingredient, thus improving the lithium-
While reducing costs and improving safety, Ion battery performance is provided for demanding personal mobile electronics applications.
For transport, polymers should support a reduction in the cost of active materials for lithium
Below $50 per hour.
The cost of an electric car battery pack could be well below $100 an hour.
The polymer also allows us to build practical rechargeable lithium-for the first time-
Very light sulfur battery. Lithium-
Sulfur has always been an ideal chemical for aviation applications, not only light in weight, but also safe, solving safety problems that plague the industry.
Remember, for example, that the battery on the Boeing Dreamliner caught fire.
Most importantly, if we want
We need cheaper batteries to make the power grid carbon, accelerate and expand the electrified of cars and trucks.
Advances in alkaline charging devices make this possible --
We can imagine that the cost of the active material for this battery is far less than $10, and aluminum is as low as $6 per kilowatt hour. Radically low-
The cost alkaline battery pack should allow even the cheapest car to be cheaper if made with batteries instead of traditional internal combustion engines.
Low impact
The cost of rechargeable alkaline batteries for power grids is even higher.
Large batteries designed for renewable energy on the grid will optimize life, cost and performance, enabling us to reasonably wish to store and recycle kilowatts-
It cost less than a penny an hour of energy.
This will enable us to make renewable energy \"fully schedulable\", using batteries to cover the disruption of clouds and wind changes that block solar energy from the sun.
We also imagine storing energy in many parts of the grid and moving it from place to place at night, for example, when the grid line is not in use.
This will create an energy network in which energy can be bought, sold and distributed closer to where it will be needed later.
The energy that can move storage can change the grid as completely as the data packet exchange has led to the amazing progress of the Internet.
It should create a low-priced market.
Renewable energy, solar and wind can meet all of our power needs.
In less developed areas of the world, the grid is unreliable or does not have a grid at all, and cheap alkaline rechargeable batteries can support sustainable power generation of solar and wind energy.
Securely lock access to your phone to prevent theft, kilowatts-
Battery for your house or two hours-
Wheeler could cost just $10 and the local top-up business could flourish.
All in all, the development of all solid batteries will greatly reduce the carbon dioxide content in the world.
When is the time for this new invention to go public?
What are the remaining roadblocks?
The first battery to use the polymer should be high
Two to three years of mass production.
As with all new technologies, it takes time to expand production.
By transforming existing manufacturing facilities, it is possible to obtain many benefits of polymers, but to gain all advantages and reduce the full cost, it is necessary to invest in newer, simpler manufacturing --
Not so far.
Take full advantage of the simplicity of polymer
Based on manufacturing.
How is your breakthrough compared to what they do in China, and China is also focusing on the holy grail of energy storage?
It\'s very high in China.
A lot of manufacturing and low cost capital and subsidies, the cost of manufacturing lithium
The ion battery dropped sharply.
We see that this trend continues and polymers can be used to solve the fire hazard problem of storing this battery.
But even if costs continue to fall sharply, we don\'t believe in the cost of lithium.
Ions will be as low as alkaline charging supplies.
These are really unexpected, with off-the-charts low-
Very cheap cost materials and manufacturing.
The last question is that the global temperature will remain above 2 degrees Celsius.
This is the goal announced by the Paris climate agreement. Though the U. S.
Most countries quit.
States like California
I made a plan to achieve this goal.
If these batteries are as cheap and reliable as you said, is there a better chance for the market to achieve low power
The future is more carbon than the government?
We are in despair of running against time.
Rapid and low-carbon development requires both government support and government support.
Very cheap batteries will help make electric cars much cheaper and we can hope businesses can roll out electric cars quickly, but the public policy of moving electric cars to all-electric cars faster will still help a lot
For example: a big-
Scale plans to retire old polluting gas and diesel cars and replace them with electric vehicles, a larger version we see in the \"old car for cash\" program implemented in the USS.
2008 after the market crash
Cheap batteries should make renewable energy more interesting as an energy source for the grid, but since utilities are so tightly regulated, we need policy support to make changes quickly.
In order to maintain this level at 2 degrees Celsius, I think we need to accelerate the retirement of fossil fuels --
Based on power plants, shut down coal and even natural gas power plants before the end of normal life;
A suitable government is expected to accelerate this process. Early support-
Retirement plan.
Custom message
Chat Online 编辑模式下无法使用
Leave Your Message inputting...