how batteries went from primitive power to global domination

by:CTECHi     2020-01-25
For energy sources that have been around for 30 years, lithium-
The ion battery has just reached its pace.
Before the smartphone enters everyone\'s pocket, it has moved from the original phone to the camera and laptop.
But until now, electric vehicles have arrived and the energy storage system has not really started to use.
Latest proof: electricity-
The car boom is still in its early stages and has replaced electronics as the world\'s largest source of lithium --
Ion battery demand
\"We are at an inflection point.
\"Every year, more than the previous year,\" said Ravi Manghani of Boston . \"
Storage Analyst at GTM Research.
\"It\'s definitely a \'oh wow \'moment.
\"The future of the battery will be driven by the car.
Surge in demand for lithium-
Driven by car manufacturers, Ion batteries create scale efficiency, causing prices to plummet.
According to Bloomberg New Energy Finance, the price of battery packs fell by 24% last year alone.
These cost reductions, in turn, also encourage continued expansion of battery power. Lithium-
Ion technology is starting to emerge on the grid, scooters, ferries and airplanes --
It will only accelerate the spread.
It all happened quite quickly.
Electric cars have little lithium
Marie e Pillot, partner and director of Paris, said Ion demand ten years ago
Based on eviken energy.
The battery first appeared on electric vehicles in 2006.
But until 2014, cars accounted for nearly 15,000 MW.
Cars will exceed 25% of the world\'s total lithium.
According to Avicenne, ion supply.
Between 2014 and 2017, lithium is used in electric vehicles-
The ion has more than doubled to 71,000 MW.
Hours, there are similar turbulence forecasts by 2023.
The lithium content of electric vehicles reaches 50%.
According to Avicenne, ion demand in 2016, although surpassed consumer electronics for the first time a year ago. With electric-
With the growth of car sales and the slowdown in smartphone demand, the gap will only grow.
\"1 million cars consume the same amount of lithium --
The ion battery is everything, \"Pirlo said.
A chemist named Stanley Whittingham helped open up rechargeable lithium.
In early 1970, ion technology was working for the unlikely battery booster Exxon.
One reason is: \"The oil giant believes that in the decades after the millennium, oil production is likely to peak. Now is the time to diversify, seth Fletcher wrote in 2011 book \"bottled lightning\" about the birth of electric vehicles.
At that time, the leader-
Acid-based rechargeable batteries are common.
Whittingham, who is now teaching at State University of New York at Binghamton, contacted Exxon\'s leaders to ask them to approve the continuation of battery research.
\"I delivered an elevator speech at a subcommittee of the Exxon board of directors in New York City,\" he said in a recent interview . \".
\"It\'s still conceptual at this point.
We only made prototypes in the lab.
\"In the 1980 s John Goodenough, a material scientist, managed to increase the voltage and thus the energy density.
\"I ask myself, I ask my students: How much lithium do you have to take out before the oxide changes its structure,\" said Goodno . \", He is now teaching at the University of Texas at Austin.
The results show that more than half of lithium can be removed without changing the structure.
\"It\'s interesting enough, so we published the article.
But people say you have no ability to act.
These efficiencies make Lithium
In the early 1990 s, Ion batteries entered mobile phones and then slowly entered other consumer electronics.
For most consumers, lithium
Ion batteries are only noticed when their iPhone is consuming too fast.
\"This is a technology that many of us feel comfortable consciously or unconsciously,\" said Manghani of GTM . \".
This has not reached the auto market yet, with the sale of batteries
Power cars still account for only 1.
2% of global car sales.
2025, however, BNEF expects sales to bounce almost ten times to about 11 million.
Some governments are aware of climate change and carbon emissions.
Carbon dioxide emissions, measures are being taken to stimulate demand.
By 2030, California wanted 5 million electric cars on its way, and the state basically required automakers to either sell electric cars or pay zero.
Emission points.
China hopes to get 7 million electric vehicles on the road by 2025 and transform its electric vehicles
Vehicle authorization for California projects;
BNEF expects China to account for nearly half of the global electric vehicle market by then.
Of course, there may be setbacks on the way to cheaper batteries.
Anything that hinders the global spread of electric vehicles
Falling oil prices, shortage of charging infrastructure, or policy changes in Europe, China or the United States --
Could cause trouble.
No power.
Yayoi Sekine, an analyst at BNEF in New York, said car sales and battery price forecasts may not be possible.
But more use will create a feedback loop that will make the battery more competitive in other markets.
Logan Goldie said: \"More electric car batteries will make more batteries for cheaper batteries
Scots in San Francisco
Basic analyst at BNEF.
\"It means more batteries in more things.
\"The cost drop will bring more batteries to the grid, and it will also bring more batteries to homes with solar panels and buildings seeking backup when power goes out.
BNEF forecasts more than $100 billion (roughly Rs. 6. 7 lakh crores)
By 2030, it will invest in energy storage to change the way the power grid operates.
\"As the capacity scale of lithium and the entire supply chain --
Ion has increased and costs have been significantly reduced, \"said Stephen Cowling, CEO of Fluence, a joint venture with AES.
Siemens, which deploys storage for the grid.
\"All these investments benefit our power industry.
\"It turns out Exxon is right about the future of lithium --ion batteries -
Just don\'t know how or when it will happen.
Now there are rumors that demand for oil may peak in the next generation.
On the contrary, the rise of electric cars and renewable energy --
Energy could mean some crude oil could stay underground.
BP said last year that,
Electric vehicles could flatten the expected oil.
If cars become cool enough, demand for cars will grow in the next 20 years.
The speed of battery conversion is attributed to generations of consumer electronics driving lithium
Development of ion technology
\"There have been 30 years of gradual improvement and then it started,\" said Manghani of GTM . \".
\"We started turning to personal devices that rely on lithium --
Then, more and more companies are starting to produce batteries.
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