History of Hybrid Vehicle

by:CTECHi     2020-04-13
Some believe hybrid cars began in the year 00 s.In fact, hybrid cars are longer than you think.Hybrid technology is believed to have started in 1665, when Ferdinand and Jesuit priests began to work out a plan to create a simple four-wheel car that could run with the vapor of Mara.
Then steam at 1769-Invented the power carriage.Although the speed of the carriage is 6 miles per hour, it is still difficult to maintain enough steam to drive long distances.When British inventor Vossie gheny made a steam car and successfully completed a round trip of 85 miles in 10 minutes, it was improvedhour times.
In 1893, Moritz von Yakobi drove an electric boat on the Neva River, using a power engine of horsepower.About that year, Robert Anderson of Aberdeen, Scotland, built the first electric vehicle.However, this car brings a lot of problems, such as limited battery life and difficult to charge.
Later, David Solomon developed and improved an electric vehicle with a light electric motor in 1870, but still faced the problem of making an easy-to-charge battery.Then, in 1879, the first electric railway was built by Dr.Werner von SiemensThe wheels on the vehicle are driven by the motor, which draws power from the track insulated from the ground and connected to the generator.
In the same decade, in 1886, commercial investors in London were interested in developing electric taxis.The design is driven by 28 battery-cell systems that will drive small motors.Still, this is not used frequently.In 1888, a company built a four-passenger car for the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, powered by a horse\'s power motor and a 24-cell battery.
That same year, Manus Volcker in Brighton, England, built a three-wheeled electric vehicle.In 1897, the London Electric Taxi Company began to use taxis powered by 40 batteries and three horsepower motors to provide regular services to the city.Its inventor, Walter Bercy, was later called the \"Bercy taxi \".
Taxis can travel 50 miles before the battery has to be charged.In 1897, Pope Manufacturing in Hartford, Connecticut, built around electric vehicles for two years.The year after that was 1898, the world\'s first hybrid car, Lohner Porsche gasoline electric \"hybrid\", built by Dr.
Ferdinand Porsche in GermanyPorsche nicknamed \"Aunt Eulalia\" for the first series of hybrids, but it was officially named Semper Viv us, meaning \"live forever \".The first hybrid car can travel 40 miles by battery alone.The car uses a gasoline engine to rotate at a constant speed to drive the generator, which charges a set of accumulators.
The accumulator then delivers the current to the motor inside the front wheel hub.Therefore, the drive shaft, transmission, gear, strap, chain or clutch is not required.Thanks to the rapid success of hybrid vehicles, from 1902 to 1920, companies such as Krieg, Lorna Porsche and car mix produced thousands of hybrid vehicles.
In 1900, the birth of gas and electric hybrid vehicles appeared in Belgium.It was developed by Pie per, a Belgian car manufacturer.He introduced a three-and-a-half-horsepower engine with a small gasoline engine connected to an electric motor under the seat.
In fact, the motor is a generator that charges the battery while driving.However, when the car needs some extra power to reach the steep slope, the electric opportunity starts and powers the gas engine.Thanks to the popularity of hybrid cars, electric car companies produced 2000 taxis, trucks and buses, and set up a subsidiary taxi and car rental company from New York to Chicago in early 1904.
In 1905, an American engineer named H.
Piper filed a patent for gasoline.
Electric hybrid carLet the vehicle accelerate to 25 miles per hour in 10 seconds instead of the usual 30 miles per hour.The patent was granted three and a half years later.By then, the engine has become strong enough to achieve this performance.
In 1910, a company called the commercial manufacturing truck used a four-cylinder gas engine to power the generator without the need for transmission and Battery Parking.Until 1918, the hybrid was built by the company in Philadelphia.Steam engines and hybrid cars were almost completely eliminated in 1913.
Sales of electric vehicles fell to 6,000, and sales of gasoline vehicles exceeded 180,000.Many automakers who still believe in the idea of a hybrid car still do their best to get the hybrid car back into production.Like Cleveland\'s Baker and Chicago\'s Woods, two well-known electric car manufacturers offer hybrid cars with a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour and achieve 48 miles of fuel efficiency.
And Woods is more expensive than gasoline competitors, and it is not so powerful, so it sells very badly.From 1920 to 1965 it became a dormant period for mass-produced electric and hybrid vehicles.However, the technology of hybrid vehicles has not disappeared, and its development continues.
Many people still believe in hybrid technology.Hybrid car technology has become the answer to most questions around the world.Like in 1966.U.Congress has introduced the first bill to suggest electric vehicles as a means of reducing air pollution.
After a long period of quiet, hybrid cars reappeared in 1969.In the same year, the GM 512 was designed to operate at a speed of less than 10 miles per hour, relying entirely on electricity.The car uses electricity and gas to burn at a speed of 10 to 13 miles per hour.
The Arab oil embargo became a huge problem in 1973.Soaring gasoline prices have sparked new interest in electric vehicles.The U.S. Department of Energy tested many electric and hybrid vehicles produced by various manufacturers, including Volkswagen\'s hybrid taxi in Wolfsburg, West Germany.
Volkswagen taxis were unveiled at auto shows in the United States and Europe.It features a parallel hybrid configuration that allows flexible switching between a gasoline engine and an electric motor and runs 8,000 miles on the road.Volkswagen taxis are considered to have a higher efficiency range than any hybrid car at the time.
In 1974, engineers Victor Walker and Charlie Rosen took part in the federal cleaning car incentive program to build a hybrid gas electric vehicle prototype using Buick Skylark body.The vehicle is tested and certified to comply with the strict guidelines of the EPA clean air vehicle programBut was rejected later.S. motor company developed an electric truck fleet and delivered 352 electric trucks to the United StatesThey conducted extensive tests on US Postal Service.
Unfortunately, the project did not reach the level of success that everyone hoped.1976-1980 was a year when hybrid technology was very helpful.Research, Development and Demonstration Act of electric and hybrid vehicles in 1976 and the United StatesCongress issued 94-The goal of the act is to work with industry to improve batteries, motors, controllers and other hybrid electric components, of which 413 are.
GE was chosen to make a parallel hybrid sedan.The motor is powered by a car with a gas turbine generator, which makes it Toyota\'s first hybrid.Audi launched its first-generation Audi Duo experimental vehicle in 1989.
It is based on Audi 100 Avanti Quattro.
It has a 12.
A 6-horsepower electric engine that drives the rear wheel instead of the propeller shaft.Nickel-cadmium batteries can also be used to provide energy.Two years later, Audi launched the second-generation Duo, which is also based on the Audi 100 Avanti Quattro.
Toyota launched Prius in 1997, the exclusive product of Toyota in the Japanese market.That year, Prius sold 18,000 cars, which appeared to be the first company in the world to sell hybrid cars on a large scale.Honda then launched Insight, the light hybrid\'s double-door model that hit the U.
market in 1999.
The car can display 61 miles per gallon in the city and 70 miles per gallon on the highway.The 2000 Century is open to hybrid technology.Many companies and automakers have introduced many new and improved hybrid cars.
In 2000, Toyota unveiled its first hybrid four-door sedan in the United States.Honda has launched its Honda Civic Hybrid, Honda\'s second hybrid gasoline electric vehicle.The appearance and driving performance of the car was and is still the same as the traditional Civic.
In 2004, Toyota released the Toyota Prius II, winning the 2004 annual car awards for Auto Trends magazine and the North American auto show.Demand for Toyota Prius II is surprising, raising production in the US market from 36,000 to 47,000.Many interested buyers waited six months to buy 2004 Prius.
In addition, in September of the same year, Ford released the Escape Hybrid, the first American hybrid and the first SUV hybrid.The sudden increase in oil products in 2007 was a huge crisis all over the world.Because of this, the output of hybrid cars and cars has increased.
Many car companies and automakers around the world have introduced many different types of hybrid cars.Some people even converted ordinary cars into hybrid cars.Nowadays, many taxis in the Philippines have used car gas as a vehicle transportation fuel or liquefied petroleum gas as a substitute for power gasoline.
The development of this hybrid car does help a lot of people who have problems with rising oil prices and become the answer to rising oil prices. The problem of air pollution
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